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FreeBSD Security Advisory - FreeBSD-SA-19 02.fd

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FreeBSD-SA-19:02.fd Security Advisory
The FreeBSD Project

Topic: File description reference count leak

Category: core
Module: unix
Announced: 2019-02-05
Credits: Peter Holm
Affects: FreeBSD 12.0
Corrected: 2019-02-05 17:56:22 UTC (stable/12, 12.0-STABLE)
2019-02-05 18:11:15 UTC (releng/12.0, 12.0-RELEASE-p3)
2019-02-05 17:57:30 UTC (stable/11, 11.2-STABLE)
CVE Name: CVE-2019-5596

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I. Background

UNIX-domain sockets are used for inter-process communication. It is
possible to use UNIX-domain sockets to transfer rights, encoded as file
descriptors, to another process.

II. Problem Description

FreeBSD 12.0 attempts to handle the case where the receiving process does
not provide a sufficiently large buffer for an incoming control message
containing rights. In particular, to avoid leaking the corresponding
descriptors into the receiving process' descriptor table, the kernel handles
the truncation case by closing descriptors referenced by the discarded
message.

The code which performs this operation failed to release a reference obtained
on the file corresponding to a received right. This bug can be used to cause
the reference counter to wrap around and free the file structure.

III. Impact

A local user can exploit the bug to gain root privileges or escape from
a jail.

IV. Workaround

No workaround is available.

V. Solution

Perform one of the following:

1) Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or
release / security branch (releng) dated after the correction date,
and reboot.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install
# shutdown -r +30 "Rebooting for security update"

3) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 12.0]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:02/fd.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:02/fd.patch.asc
# gpg --verify fd.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch. Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
system.

VI. Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/12/ r343785
releng/12.0/ r343790
stable/11/ r343786
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

<URL:https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN>

VII. References

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-5596>

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-19:02.fd.asc>
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